Lifeboat is actually among the most crucial life saving equipment onboard a ship, and that can be used at the moment of extraordinary emergencies for abandoning a ship. Lifeboat is actually a small rigid vessel, secured onboard into davits so that it can easily be launched over the edge of the ship with least time as well as physical assistance feasible for an initial escape of the crew from the ship.
A lifeboat needs to carry all of the equipment types described under LSA and SOLAS codes, that are passed for the survival at sea. This includes rations, compass, first aid, freshwater, distress signalling equipment as rocket etc. A ship should carry a single rescue boat for the rescuing purpose, as well as other lifeboats. Among the lifeboats may be designated as a rescue boat if over 2 or maybe more lifeboats are actually present onboard a ship.
Types of Lifeboat
There are actually 3 kinds of lifeboats used on merchant vessels:
As the title indicates, the available lifeboat has no roof and it is usually propelled by manual power by using hand propelled ores. Compression ignition engine can also be supplied for the propulsion purpose. Nevertheless, open lifeboats are actually starting to be outdated now due to stringent safety norms, but one might find them on an old ship.
The open lifeboat does not help a lot in rain or even the chance and terrible weather of warm water ingress in the greatest.
Closed lifeboat Closed lifeboats are actually the most widely used lifeboats which are worn on ships, for they’re enclosed that saves the crew from seawater, rough weather conditions and powerful wind. Furthermore, the watertight integrity is actually greater in this particular kind of lifeboat and this is able to also get upright on its own if toppled over by waves.
Closed lifeboats are more classified as – Partially enclosed and completely enclosed lifeboats.
Free fall lifeboat Freefall lifeboat is actually akin to an enclosed lifeboat though the procedure of launching is completely different. They’re streamlined in nature and hence the boat is able to penetrate the bath without harming the body when launched from the ship.
The free fall lifeboat is actually set at the aft of the ship, and that offers a maximum specific location at no cost fall.